The Tuscan Archipelago National Park is the largest marine park in Europe. It includes the seven main islands of the Tuscan Archipelago, each unique in terms of beauty. According to studies, the islands broke away from the mainland assuming different characters: Capraia volcanic, Gorgona and Montecristo granitics , Giglio and Elbe granitics and limestones, Giannutri and Pianosa only limestones. The islands of the Archipelago are true sanctuaries of nature that have been able to ward off the tourist-speculative interests: Montecristo, once inhabited only by monks and hermits, is now the most protected island in the Mediterranean, only accessible for study. The relief of the islands favor the presence of mesophilic species such as the fern on Monte Capanne, on whose slopes is also increasing cornflower of Elbe. On the island of Giglio are Turkey oak, downy oak and oak, and Gorgona flowering ash and bulbocastano. The Capraia flora is all Mediterranean: garrigue and maquis, the Sardinian sea lily, saffron of the islands and the statice articulated. The fauna of the Park has the largest number of endemic species such as certain types of gastropod mollusks, butterfly satiride and some types of lizards. On Elba and Capraia nests the peregrine falcons, and on Giglio lives the woodpecker. Among gulls, shearwaters, swallows and swifts, the real rarity is the Audouin’s gull, the symbol of the park.