Modena, capital of the province, is located along the historic Roman Via Emilia, near the Po plain, on a small rise. For two and a half centuries was the capital of the Duchy of Este, the period during which underwent a major urban and architectural trasformation. The main monuments are the Romanesque Cathedral, in Piazza Grande, in the heart of the city, completely in white marble that has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage sites, with the same square and the Ghirlandina, bell tower. The Town Hall is always on the square, as the Civic Tower. Not far away are the College and the Church of St. Charles. And still you can admire the Palace of Museums, which houses the Lapidary Museum and the Estense Gallery, with many works of art, in addition to the Civic Museums, Historical Archives and the Library Estense. Along one of the most characteristic streets, Corso Canal Grande, there are the Church of St. Vincent, the Municipal Theatre and the Ducal Palace, home of the prestigious Military Academy of Modena. In the rest of the province you can visit Nonantola, where the Benedictine abbey was founded in the middle of the eighth century by Abbot Anselm, containing unique in the world the documents of Charlemagne, Matilda of Canossa and Frederick Barbarossa. A Sassuolo to visit is the Palazzo Ducale, a holiday resort of Francesco I d’Este, with its beautiful apartments and frescoes that decorate them; while, in Carpi, noteworthy is the imposing castle known as Pio Palace. Finally, for lovers of motoring, in Maranello do not miss the Ferrari Gallery, which houses the legendary cars, pictures and trophies of the “horse” most famous in the world.