The mighty ruins of the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum and their villas buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD, provide a complete and vivid picture of everyday life in a particular historical period, unprecedented in the world. Pompeii was built in the 6th century BC, while Herculaneum is said to have been founded by Hercules. Today the remains of these two ancient cities offer a testimony of society and everyday life in ancient Rome. Pompei, a resort of wealthy Romans, is famous for his series of civil buildings, located along well-preserved streets. The House of the Surgeon is one of these, but also the houses of the Faun and of the Chaste Lovers are examples of period architecture. Among these, worthy of note is the Villa of the Mysteries which takes its name from the murals that depict the initiation rites of the cult of Dionysus. The walls of the buildings were full of graffiti and ideograms of political and sexual nature so as to suggest to forthcoming elections during the outbreak of the volcano. Herculaneum, we know less because of the depth at which was buried also if his buildings are better preserved. The Baths, the College of Priests of Augustus, a theater, are almost intact, with rich decorations you can admire the House of Deers and the House of Bicentennial. Herculaneum was a rich commercial city, as witnessed by the discovery of jars and jars with which foodstuffs were transported.