Turin, in addition to being one of the most beautiful cities in Italy, has been the heart of the Savoy Kingdom, which, in and around the city, left the main evidence of their kingdom. Some of them now are considered a UNESCO World Heritage for their beauty. The system of the Savoy residences dates back to 1562 when Duke Emanuele Filiberto of Savoy decided to transfer the capital of the Duchy in Turin. From the sixteenth century began the reconstruction of old castles (also from Roman times) and the construction of the splendid Royal Residences, with the work entrusted to architects such as Carlo and Amedeo di Castellamonte, Juvarra, Guarino Guarini and Pelagio Palagi. In the heart of Turin, the Royal Palace is the first and most important Savoy residence in Piedmont: work of the Castellamonte, has a seventeenth-century facade and richly decorated interiors. Nearby is Palazzo Madama, with the facade and the beautiful staircase by Juvarra. The baroque Carignano Palace, birthplace of Carlo Alberto and Vittorio Emanuele II, was the seat of the first Italian Parliament. Along the banks of the Po you can visit the Castle of the Valentino, in French style, now seat of the university. Perched on a hill looking over the city, there is the Villa della Regina, with its paintings of the seventeenth and eighteenth century, the original furnishings and the huge garden. The Rivoli Castle began as a military stronghold, now houses the Museum of Contemporary Art; The Reggia of Venaria is known as the “Versailles” of Savoy, characterized by the Hall of Diana, the Great Gallery, the Chapel of St. Hubert and the monumental gardens. Not far away are the Castello of the Mandria, with its large natural park, the Residence of Stupinigi, of Filippo Juvarra, once the residence of Napoleon at the beginning of the nineteenth century, the Castle of Moncalieri, one of the oldest, built in the Middle Ages with defensive purposes and converted to life at court by the Savoy, and the Agliè Castle, with its three hundred rooms lavishly decorated. In the province of Cuneo are the Racconigi Castle, with its great natural park, and the Govone Castle, which was the summer residence of the Savoy. Finally, the Castle and the Complex of Pollenzo (CN), which today houses the University of Taste founded by Slow Food.