The Alta Murgia National Park, established in 2004, is a protected natural area located in Apulia, in the provinces of Bari and Barletta-Andria-Trani. Extended from the Adriatic coast to the Basilicata’s reliefs, the Alta Murgia National Park preserves the last example of Mediterranean steppes present in Italy. In the territory are present rock formations, dense forests alternating with steppes expanses and a typical Mediterranean vegetation that is home of the cypress and pine, in the barren pastures sprouting moss and lichen while the undergrowth is rich in wild orchids and wild roses. In the park grow plants or shrubs of feed interest, such as asparagus, walnut, fig, and wild blackberries. Many also are the native animal species such as the falcon lesser kestrel, which has become the symbol of the park. Among the population of mammals there are weasels, martens, deer, porcupines, hares, squirrels, small rodents, foxes and badgers. There are some species of thrushes, blackbirds and robins and laso the barn owl, the owl, the tawny owl. In the green stand stone buildings that during the transhumance, served as a shelter for animals. Mighty and majestic the farms (masserie), some fortified like real castles that were vital centers of the local agricultural the fifteenth century. A real jewel of the Park is “Castel del Monte”, the castle built by Frederick II as a hunting lodge.