The Vesuvius National Park was established in June 5, 1995 for the great geological, biological and historical interest of this territory. The park is also born from the need to defend the most famous volcano in the world: Mount Vesuvius, a typical example of fence volcano consisting of an outer cone, the Mount Somma, now extinct with crater belt mostly demolished within which is located a smaller cone represented by Vesuvius, an active volcano. The park is rich in plant and animal; nearly a thousand of floral species, starting from the slopes of the Vesuvius that host Mediterranean pine forests; to continue with those of the Somma Mountain, facing north with the presence of mixed forests of chestnut trees, birches and oaks. The area, rich in historic and natural beauty, boasts a unique agricultural production for variety and originality of flavors. In fact, the climate and the lava ground rich in minerals, have made the volcano’s slopes cultivated since antiquity. There are numerous varieties of fruit trees growing in these slopes, but the peculiarity remains in the grape varieties Falanghina, Coda di Volpe and Piedirosso that derive from the ancient Roman vineyards and are mixed to create the famous Lacryma Christi, white and red.