Modena, provincial capital of Emilia Romagna, lived its stage of greater importance during the rule of the famous the Family of Este, between 1288 and 1796, which influenced the monumental ensemble. Starting in 1598, the Duke Cesare d’Este moved the capital of his duchy from Ferrara to Modena , making the city of Modena the most important of the duchy, the center of national political events with monuments that reflect the peculiarities of the italian cultural tradition. In the heart of the city there is the Piazza Grande, come down to our day in perfect condition, where there are all the buildings of the civic and religious power, such as the famous cathedral, the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta and San Geminiano, one of the most finest examples of Italian Romanesque architecture. The work was very demanding and only at the beginning of the thirteenth century it was enlarged the crypt, raised the choir and expanded the roof. There are numerous allegorical references to the Bible present in sculptures on the facade and inside the cathedral. Another protagonist of the city is the Civic Tower, better known as the Ghirlandina, which had the dual function of religious tower and defense tower; It reaches 88 meters in height and connected to the cathedral by two arches. The tower was built at two different times and definitely made at the beginning of the fourteenth century. To accomplish this extraordinary work was Arrigo da Campione.